Journal of Rhinology 2008;15(2):83-91.
Published online November 30, 2008.
The Role of Otolaryngology in Dental Implantation
Jin Hyeok Jeong, Ki Tae Kim, Seung Kyu Chung
1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Guri, Korea. ent@hanyang.ac.kr
2Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea.
치아 임플란트에서 이비인후과의 역할
정진혁, 김기태, 정승규
한양대학교 의과대학 이비인후과학교실,1 성균관대학교 의과대학 이비인후과학교실2
Abstract
In recent years, dental implants have become a frequently performed procedure in most dental clinics. The edentulous posterior maxilla provides a limited amount of bony volume due to atrophy of the alveolar ridge and pneumatization of the maxillary sinus. Consequently, dental implant placement in the posterior maxilla can be complicated and it becomes a matter for the otolaryngology field. However, for most otolaryngologists, knowledge of dental implantation is scarce. Therefore, consensus on the diagnosis and treatment associated with dental implants is needed. During consultation, before a dental implant, a nasal endoscope and paranasal sinus CT scan should be taken and any mucosal thickening, incidental polyps, acute sinusitis, chronic sinusitis, or malignancy should be differentiated and treated as needed. After the dental implant, acute sinusitis and migration of the dental implant into the maxillary sinus can occur because of damage to sinus mucosa or a foreign body reaction. These complications can be evaluated and treated more easily by an otolaryngologist than by a dentist. Nasal endoscopy and endoscopic sinus surgery can be applied to problems associated with dental implants.
Key Words: Dental implant;Otolaryngology;Sinus;Sinusitis


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