Journal of Rhinology 2012;19(1):29-34.
Published online May 31, 2012.
Skin Prick Testing of Patients with Allergic Rhinitis and/or Asthma: a Study in Catholic Medical Center, Korea
Ji Hyeon Shin, Byung Guk Kim, Jin Hee Cho, Sung Won Kim, Beom Jun Lee, Ye Won Kim, Soo Whan Kim
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Background and Objectives
Allergic rhinitis is closely related to asthma. The skin prick test is an essential diagnostic tool for allergic disease. We evaluated differences in skin sensitization patterns between groups of patients with allergic rhinitis or asthma, or allergic rhinitis with asthma, in Korea.
Materials and Method
S: From 2000 to 2009, patients with positive results from skin prick testing were divided into three groups: allergic rhinitis (AR), allergic asthma (AS), and allergic rhinitis with allergic asthma (AR+AS). We analyzed demographic data, rhinitis and asthma symptoms, and sensitization patterns.
The most common aeroallergen was the house dust mite. The age distributions of the three disease groups differed significantly. Sensitization number, sensitization index, and atopy index were all significantly higher among the AR+AS group than among the AR or AS groups.
Patients with allergic rhinitis with high numbers of skin sensitizations or intensive positivities should be considered to have concomitant asthma or to be at high risk for asthma development.
Key Words: Allergic Rhinitis;Asthma;Skin Prick Test

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